[75] No other Democrats placed their names in contention at the nominating convention, and the Republicans chose not to select a candidate, as they were happy with Ross's performance. [4][5] Two years later, they joined seven other families under Captain Daniel Monroe and settled near present-day Cameron,[5] where they received 640 acres (260 ha) of land along the Little River. Days after leaving office, he became president of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (now Texas A&M University). He led the group 70 mi (110 km) behind the enemy lines, to Keetsville (now Washburn)MO, where they gathered intelligence, destroyed several wagonloads of commissary supplies, captured 60 horses and mules, and took 11 prisoners. One of three members appointed to wait upon convention president-elect E.B. Unfortunately in my case there was one woman... for her. During his two terms, he oversaw the dedication of the new Texas State Capitol, resolved the Jaybird-Woodpecker War. [128] However, the project was abandoned in 1999 in the wake of the Aggie Bonfire tragedy. During the battle, Ross, who had acquired a horse, was bucked off, leading his men to believe he had been killed. [106] Although Ross professed to enjoy his new position, he wrote to several people that directing the college "made me turn gray very fast. On his suggestion, the two groups agreed to choose a mutually acceptable sheriff to replace Garvey, who had been killed in the firefight. . Houston offered to appoint Ross as an aide-de-camp with the rank of colonel, but Ross refused. The senior Lawrence Ross had been captured by Native Americansas a child, and lived with them from the time he was six years old until he was rescue… During the surrender negotiations, the Union officer accused the Texans of murdering several captured African American soldiers.

[28], A 2012 book, Myth, Memory and Massacre: The Pease River Capture of Cynthia Ann Parker by Texas Tech University history professor emeritus, Paul H. Carlson and Tom Crum details that there were only 15 Comanches in the camp at the time of the massacre.

[109][111] Under his leadership, the military aspect of the college was emphasized. [29], When Cynthia Ann Parker was taken to Ft. Cooper, US command realized the captured woman had blue eyes. By August 1890, the home had collected enough money to move to a larger location.

However, he eliminated many practices he considered unnecessary, including marching to and from class, and he reduced the amount of guard time and the number of drills the students were expected to perform. [76] He won the general election with 228,776 votes, compared with 65,236 for the Republican candidate and 19,186 from the Prohibitionist candidate. . [68] Shortly after his arrival in Austin, his youngest son died. [44] The Confederate Army retreated from the battle and found themselves facing more Union troops at Hatchie's Bridge. For the university, see. In 1887, he became the 19th governor of Texas. General Winfield Scott learned of Ross's role and offered him a direct commission in the Army. [87], Ross declined to become the first Texas governor to run for a third term,[1] and left office on January 20, 1891.

This act, and the Supplementary Reconstruction Act passed three weeks later, disenfranchised anyone who had held a federal or state office before supporting the Confederacy.

[22][23], The following year, Ross graduated from Wesleyan with a Bachelor of Arts and returned to Texas. Mohee was killed by buckshot fired by Lieutenant James Majors of the 2nd Cavalry as the warrior approached the temporarily paralyzed Ross with a scalping knife. His gubernatorial service had honed his administrative skills, and he had always expressed an interest in education. Lawrence Sullivan "Sul" Ross (September 27, 1838 – January 3, 1898) was the 19th Governor of Texas, a Confederate States Army general during the American Civil War, and a president of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, now called Texas A&M University. [17][21] Ross's injuries were severe, and for five days he lay under a tree on the battlefield, unable to be moved. When he died in College Station on January 3, 1898, Texans mourned and extolled him for his courage, his dedication to the state and his public spirit. All rights reserved.Proudly designated as a Hispanic Serving Institution since 1999, Alumni Association & Athletic Department Awards, History of the University of the Big Bend, Regional Chapter Handbook: Starting & Managing a Chapter, Lobo Lookout Emergency Notification System.

Fearing that Shapley Ross was too ill to command them on the expedition, the Indians named Sul Ross their new war chief.

Sheriff Jim Garvey feared there would be armed battles between the white supremacist Democrats (the Jaybirds) and the black men who had retained political power (who, with their white supporters, were known as Woodpeckers). In 1891 he became president of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas and under his leadership that troubled institution flourished and gained respect throughout the state.

Hidden from view by a dust storm, he was able to get within 200 yd (180 m) of the village and saw signs that the tribe was preparing to move on. The Dallas Morning News on January 4, 1898, wrote: “It has been the lot of few men to be of such great service to Texas as Sul Ross . Recognizing the importance of education, Ross attended Baylor University and received his A.B. [42], Over Ross's protests, the men of the Sixth Regiment elected him colonel in 1862.

[8][9] In March 1849, the Ross family built the first house in Waco, a double-log cabin on a bluff overlooking the springs. A citizen's posse had tracked the raiders to their winter village along the Pease River. Ross took the child with him, naming him Pease. Ross: I honestly don't know wether I'm hungry or horny. With his father's approval, the younger Ross led the 135 warriors to accompany 225 troops led by brevet Major Earl Van Dorn. In August 1889, Ross sent four Texas Rangers, including Sergeant Ira Aten, to quell the unrest. [59], Reconstruction did not harm Ross's fortune, and with hard work, he soon prospered. On September 7, his group became Company G of Stone's Regiment, later known as the Sixth Texas Cavalry. The politically-inspired exaggerations and wrong information about the Battle of Pease River cemented Ross's fame. [66], When the convention concluded, Ross returned home and spent the next four years focusing on his farm. [54], By the time Ross began a 90-day furlough on March 13, 1865, he had participated in 135 engagements with Union troops[2][1] and his horse had been shot out from under him five times, yet he had escaped serious injury. Ross was an active freemason having become a master mason at the lodge his father helped create in 1851, Waco Masonic Lodge #92, and as a member there, Ross was involved with the development of the new city with the same name. Additionally, Ross would now appoint the officers for the Corps of Cadets, and the name of the company of best-drilled cadets in the Corps would change to the Ross Volunteers (from Scott Volunteers).

Pickett, Ross was also named to a committee that would determine what officers and employees were needed by the convention. [113] In 1893, Ethel Hudson, the daughter of a Texas AMC professor, became the first woman to attend classes at the school and helped edit the annual yearbook. [55] With his leave approved, Ross hurried home to Texas to visit the wife he had not seen in two years. They also document the primary sources who verify that Peta Nacona was not at the scene of the massacre and died around 1865, not December 1860. Although no one asked Ross whether he wanted to run for office, the delegates elected him as their candidate. [86] Determined to meet personally with the Attorney General, Ross and his wife traveled to Washington, D.C., where they visited President Benjamin Harrison at the White House.

After much questioning, she was able to provide a few details of her capture as a child.

Within two years, the facility had run out of room, so Ross served as chairman of a committee to finance a relocation to a larger facility. Show more. Davis (1989), p. 167. [114], During Ross's seven-and-one-half year tenure, many enduring Texas A&M traditions formed. To prevent his arrest and the confiscation of his property, on August 4, 1865, Ross applied for a special pardon. [61], By 1873, Reconstruction in Texas was coming to an end. On July 1, 1890, the board unanimously agreed to offer the new job to the sitting governor and asked Ross to resign his office immediately. During his first term, the first Confederate home in Texas was dedicated in Austin. Sept. 2, 2020. [1][72], As early as 1884, Ross's friends, including Victor M. Rose, the editor of the newspaper in Victoria, had encouraged Ross to run for governor. [39], In early 1862, Ross returned to duty. By this time, Shapley Ross was well known as a frontiersman, and to coax him to settle in the newly formed community of Waco, the family was given four city lots, exclusive rights to operate a ferry across the Brazos River, and the right to buy 80 acres (32 ha) of farmland at US$1 per acre.

[74] During the campaign, he was variously accused of pandering to the Greenbackers, the Republicans, and the Knights. In conjunction with several other Ranger companies, Ross led his men to retaliate against a Kickapoo tribe which had murdered two white families. [94], Ross was the first governor to set aside a day for civic improvements, declaring the third Friday in January to be Arbor Day, when schoolchildren should endeavor to plant trees. Both times, Ross successfully slipped behind the Union Army lines, gathered information, and retreated before being caught. He arrived in College Station on December 30 and consulted a doctor.