Underwater visibility in some spots reaches 30 meters or 98 feet. There have been 352 shipwrecks recorded in Lake Superior. A decline in ice cover (Down by 79% since the 1970s). The most abundant form of lake trout is the deep-dwelling siscowet. This is because water is slower to absorb and release heat than land. Well, the Great Lakes consist of five lakes - Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Erie, and Lake Ontario. It covers 82,000 square kilometers or 31,700 square miles. It covers 82,000 square kilometers or 31,700 square miles. Lake Superior has over 400 islands, the largest of which is Isle Royale, with a size of 207 square miles. All Rights Reserved. Known for its clean water, Lake Superior's water is a Mid-west SCUBA diving epicenter for sunken ships. It very rarely freezes over completely, and then usually just for a few hours. (accessed 21, 2012). Scientists report that Lake Superior is responding to a global climate trend as clearly as anywhere on Earth. is exhibiting a trend in summer surface temperature. 2011. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal is managed through a binational agreement involving Canada and the U.S., and by the Province of Ontario and the states of Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan. Lake Superior is, by surface area, the largest lake in the world. Cabin photos by Kim Swisher Communications. (accessed February 6, 2012). Zebra mussels and their cousins, quagga mussels, don't plague Lake Superior like they do the other Great Lakes. 2011. Lake Superior has bragging rights when it comes to fish. Habermann, R., S. Moen, and E. Stykel. study North Star Port, 6-7. What is the biggest lake in the United States? What is the deepest part of the Great Lakes? While the Great Lakes, because they aren't oceans, don't have their own tides, all of the Great Lakes, including Lake Superior, do get high winds, causing the water to rise and fall, changing its height by about 1-2 feet. Over the years this spot on Eastern Lake Superior has provided many a picturesque sight of ice formations, as well as glorious sunsets.     could hold all the water in the other Great Lakes, plus THREE MORE Lake Eries. Lake Superior also has a bizarre looking fish that lives and feeds in the bottom of the lake called a sculpin. "Trends in the Lake Superior water budget since 1948: a weakening seasonal cycle." It's in the cool part of North America's temperate zone where summers average about 70 °F (21 °C) and winters involve snow, parkas, and temperatures well below 0 °F (-18 °C). If it weren't for the sea lamprey control program run by Canada and the U.S., Lake Superior's lean lake trout would not be on regional menus or available for sport fishing. Did you know… We have over 220 college Currently, the worst Lake Superior offender is the sea lamprey. Lake Superior Magazine, 19-27. NOAA Data Report ERL GLERL, National Technical Information Service. The wind and water movement help break apart any ice that forms, keeping the entire lake from freezing. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 707-716. Nature Conservancy of Canada. In summer, a dome of high pressure can form over the lake pushing approaching storms to the southeast. The maximum wave ever recorded on Lake Superior was 9.45 meters or 31 feet high. The average underwater visibility of Lake Superior is about 8 meters or 27 feet, making it the cleanest and clearest of the Great Lakes. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. But, how can lakes be great? That's bigger than the states of Connecticut, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire combined! They are huge, covering over 95,000 square miles, and they border Canada and seven U.S. states. Sea smoke occurs when seriously cold air moves over relatively warmer water during winter. "Uncertainty in the Great Lakes Water Balance: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5100, 42. http://www.lakesuperiorstreams.org/northshore/howmanytroutstreams.html. 2011. Lake Superior is one of the five Great Lakes. An additional 24 non-native plants grow along Lake Superior's shores. Lake Superior is the largest of the Great Lakes, bordering the three states of Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin, as well as the Ontario province of Canada. (accessed February 17, 2012). There is enough water in Lake Superior to cover all of North and South America with water one foot deep. It contains as much water as all the other Great Lakes combined, plus three extra Lake Erie's!! Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Visit the Earth Science for Kids page to learn more. Lake Superior's climate reflects its position on the planet and, to a smaller degree, the heat storage capacity of all the water it contains. And, these five lakes contain 20% of all the freshwater in the world. Superior Facts. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Each year the port handles about 1,000 ships carrying 42-million tons (38 metric tons) worth $1.9 billion. Commercially caught fish include ciscoes (lake herring), chubs (deepwater ciscoes), lake whitefish, lake trout, and the non-native rainbow smelt. In this lesson, you will learn where Lake Superior is located, what lives within its waters, and fun facts that are unique to this lake. Hinkel, K. M., and F.E. Snails, clams, shrimp, and nymphs can live along the bottom of the lake or within the bordering marshes. Which of the 5 Great Lakes is farthest west? Sustainable management practices have fostered a modern and commercially important fisheries industry after overfishing and the introduction of invasive species jeopardized it during the mid-1900s. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Log in here for access. Lake Superior Streams. (accessed January 31, 2012). Lake Superior was formed during the last glacial retreat, making it one of the earth's youngest major features at only about 10,000 years old. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? The average depth is 147 meters or 483 feet. 's' : ''}}. There are 78 different species of fish that call the big lake home. Different plants grow and survive better along parts of Lake Superior's border depending on the climate. Lake Superior's climate reflects its position on the planet and, to a smaller degree, the heat storage capacity of all the water it contains. Of the roughly 30 inches (76 cm) of precipitation that hits the lake each year, most falls between May and October. In vampirish fashion, they attach to large fish and suck their blood and body fluids out. Complete freezing occurred in 1962, 1979, 2003 and 2009. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. © 1996 – 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota Located between Pancake Bay and Lake Superior Provincial Park is Hibbard Bay, with its sheltered waters along a relatively straight shoreline. http://www.glerl.noaa.gov/ftp/publications/tech_reports/glerl-083/UpdatedFiles/ (accessed March 6, 2012). Beachgoers should know how to escape from the rip currents that can form along Lake Superior's south shore. Do your part to prevent the spread of non-native species. Be sure to clean your boat and gear before leaving a lake, river or stream. 2012. Fast Facts about Lake Superior: The largest by volume; In the summer, the sun sets more than 35 minutes later on the western shore of Lake Superior than at its southeastern edge. "Temporal and Spatial Variability of Great Lakes Ice Cover, 1973-2010." 2012. http://www.lakesuperiorstreams.org/northshore/howmanytroutstreams.html (accessed March 6, 2012). From mid-March to mid-January the Soo Locks are open and Lake Superior supports an active maritime industry. Wind speeds can easily reach 50 mph and gusts can exceed 100 mph. The shoreline of Lake Superior is almost 2,800 miles long, the same distance if you were to drive all the way across the U.S. from New York to Los Angeles. There have been 352 shipwrecks recorded in Lake Superior. You can test out of the The "Great Lakes Bulk Cargo Capital" of Duluth/Superior is one of the busiest inland ports in the United States. Neff, Brian P. and J.R. Nicholas. In fact, Lake Superior holds more water than the other four Great Lakes combined. 2009. Other life in Lake Superior includes wetland plants such as ferns, pitcher-plants, buckbean, bulrush, marsh bell-flower, and blue-joint grass. Ciscoes were called lake herring by Scandinavian settlers, who thought they resembled ocean herring. "Superior Trout Streams: How many are there?" As the moisture in warm air condenses over the colder surface waters, advection fog rolls into Lake Superior's coastal communities. Lake Superior Facts. Lake Superior's surface area is the largest of the five Great Lakes. 2007. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Compared to inland temperatures, shoreline temperatures can be noticeably warmer in winter and much cooler in summer.     National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. The "lake effect" can also super-size storms by adding moisture and speed to wind passing over the lake. Let's find out how, as a part of the Great Lakes, Lake Superior earned its name. In June, runners from around the world vie to win "Grandma's Marathon." Nelson. Select a subject to preview related courses: As you may know, oceans have tides, which are the rising and falling of the sea level controlled by the gravitational pull of the moon and the sun. The Bayfield sea caves near the Apostle Islands in Wisconsin are worth a trek during years with enough ice cover. When I was writing Haven of Swans, I stumbled across an article about how the mute swans were taking over the habitat of the native trumpeter swans. The most common fish in Lake Superior are trout and perch. There is a small outflow from the lake at St. Mary's River (Sault Ste Marie) into Lake Huron, but it takes almost two centuries for the water to be completely replaced.