[160] During the Qing Salar Muslim men shaved their hair bald while when they went to journey in public they put on artificial queues. He answered right away that the Church was not beholden to the Government. [198] Imams such as Hu Songshan encouraged Chinese nationalism in their mosques and the Yihewani was led by many nationalist Imams. Most Dungans living in Central Asia are descendants of Hui people from Gansu and Shaanxi. to slander, Changji Hui autonomous prefecture 昌吉回族自治州[Chang1 ji2 Hui2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1], Xinjiang, to avoid a taboo word or topic Koreans learned how to distill soju alcohol from Muslims during Goryeo. Matteo Ricci, the first Jesuit to reach Beijing (1598), noted that "Saracens are everywhere in evidence . Despite a substantial population loss, the military power of Hui increased, because some Hui who had defected to the Qing side were granted high positions in the Imperial Army. Traditional Hui clothing differs from that of the Han Chinese primarily in that some men wear white caps (taqiyah) and some women wear headscarves, as is the case in many Islamic cultures. This indicates that native East Asian populations converted to Islam and were culturally assimilated and that the Chinese Muslim populations are mostly not descendants of foreigners as claimed by some accounts while only a small minority of them are. Yet you do not eat our food or drink. [161] Uyghur men shaved their hair bald during the Qing. [266] Some Hui criticize Uyghur separatism and generally do not want to get involved in conflict in other countries. Look it up now! [174][175][176] Poems were written about Yaqub Beg's victories. [172] During the Panthay Rebellion, the Qing dynasty did not massacre Muslims who surrendered. [40], For some Uyghurs, there is barely any difference between Hui and Han. The majority of Tibeto-Burmans, Han Chinese, and Ningxia and Liaoning Hui share paternal Y chromosomes of East Asian origin which are unrelated to Middle Easterners and Europeans. insignia [220] The Hui Muslim Imam Da Pusheng (达浦生) also toured the Middle East for 8 months to confront Japanese propagandists in Arab countries and denounce their invasion to the Islamic world. [180] Samuel Wells Williams wrote that "they must obey the laws of the land and honor the Emperor as good subjects. classifier for acts of a play for Nanjing 南京[Nan2 jing1] The Ming Emperor Xuanzong once issued imperial orders to build a mosque in Nanjing in response to Zheng He's request (Liu Zhi, 1984 reprint: 358-374). abbr. [356][357] The passing away in Jeddah on 27 February of Ma Jiyuan was greeted with sorrow by the Chinese consulate. will Arabic), Persian, and Central Asian names. He reported that due to religion, Hui were classed as a different nationality from Han as if they were one of the other minority groups. [329][330][331], Hui men marrying Han women and Han men who marry Hui women achieve above average education.[332]. [86][325][326], In Gansu province in the 1800s, a Muslim Hui woman married into the Han Chinese Kong lineage of Dachuan, which was descended from Confucius. Mrs. Ha asked them why they killed her husband and they shot her. [45][46] The name "Pusuman zi" (pusuman script), was used to refer to the script that the HuiHui (Muslims) were using. [229] Ethnic Turkic Salar Muslims made up the majority of the first cavalry division which was sent by Ma Bufang. Many Muslim Salar joined the army in the Republic era; they and Dongxiang who have joined the army are described as being given "eating rations" meaning military service.[344][345]. These troops were the Kansu Braves led by General Dong Fuxiang. New works were written by Hui intellectuals following education reform by Ma Clique Warlords and Bai Chongxi. They studied the Quran and Confucian texts like the Spring and Autumn Annals. You can complete the translation of hui given by the Chinese-English Collins dictionary with other dictionaries: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Lexiconer, Dict, Wordlingo, Wordreference, Oxford, … [21] The 1916 Encyclopædia of Religion and Ethics, Volume 8 said that Chinese Muslims always called themselves Huihui or Huizi, and that neither themselves nor other people called themselves Han, and they disliked people calling them Dungan. The Han Chinese groom and his family were only converted to Islam after the marriage by their Muslim relatives. Antagonism between Tibetans and Muslims stems from events during the Muslim warlord Ma Bufang's rule such as the Ngolok rebellions (1917–49) and the Sino-Tibetan War, but such hostility was suppressed after the Communist invasion and takeover in 1949. for this sense is [hui3]), Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, abbr. Look it up now! Or learning new words is more your thing? The younger girl was bayoneted also but was spared the horrible treatment that had been meted out to her sister and mother. However, since the early days of the PRC, thanks to the arguments of such Marxist Hui scholars as Bai Shouyi, the standard term for "Islam" within the PRC has become the transliteration "伊斯蘭教" (pinyin: Yīsīlán jiào, literally "Islam religion"). Some Hui people claimed that the first Ming Emperor Ming Taizu might have been a Muslim,[117] but this is rejected by most scholars. They have done so, and, generally speaking, have never been molested on account of their beliefs. [227], In 1937, during the Battle of Beiping–Tianjin the Chinese government was notified by Muslim General Ma Bufang of the Ma clique that he was prepared to bring the fight to the Japanese in a telegram message. (literary) benevolence During the mid-nineteenth century, civil wars erupted throughout China, led by various groups against the Qing dynasty. [257] In 2018, paramount leader Xi Jinping issued a directive aimed at the sinicization of Chinese Muslims. Also check out the example sentences for the character ... favor / benefit / to give sb property or advantage / honorific / surname hui: ... Simplified Chinese Pinyin Yale Jyutping English Definition for Chinese Text; [169] During the Tang dynasty, 3,000 Chinese soldiers and 3,000 Muslim soldiers were traded to each other in an agreement. Chinese and Koreans both referred to Central Asians as Huihui. [282][283], Hui are all Sunni Muslim following different Sufi schools. Shuxing'a developed a deep hatred of Muslims after an incident where he was stripped naked and nearly lynched by a mob of Muslims. With Reverso you can find the Chinese translation, definition or synonym for hui and thousands of other words. [53], Panthays are a group of Chinese Muslims in Burma. Bai Chongxi and Ma Ching-chiang were other Hui who served in Taiwan as military generals. His brother, Ma Buqing, remained a military general on Taiwan. The Hui running the mosque was from Shandong and descended from residents of the Arabian city of Medina. [261][262] Many of the Hui within these camps have faced torture, are allegedly grouped in different cells from Kazakhs and Uighurs, and on rare occasion die from stress. The magazine was established in Shanghai under the name Geming Gushihui (meaning Revolutionary Story Collections in English) in 1963. No census data documents this type of marriage, reporting only cases in which the wife moves in with the groom's family. Hui forces were known for their anti-communist sentiment, and had fought for the Kuomintang against the Communists in the Chinese Civil War, and against rebels during the Ili Rebellion. [196] Jahriyya Sufi leader Ma Yuanzhang said in response to accusations that Muslims were disloyal to China: Ma Fuxiang encouraged Confucian-style assimilation for Muslims into Chinese culture and set up an assimilationist group for this purpose. The grandfather grasped the body of his wife and was killed. [269], During the Sung (Song) period (Northern Sung, 960-1127, Southern Sung, 1127-1279) we again hear in the Chinese annals of Muslim mercenaries. In English and German was noted as early as the 1830s, Dungan, in various spellings, as referring to the Hui people of Xinjiang. [82], Jiang Xingzhou 姜興舟, a Han bannerman lieutenant from the Bordered Yellow Banner married a Muslim woman in Mukden during Qianlong's late reign. The baby was killed with a bayonet. [138][139] Central Asian Uighur women [140] were provided to the Zhengde Emperor by a Muslim guard, Yun Yung[141] and Hami women by a Muslim leader from the Kumul Hami, Sayyid Hussain. A community of Hui migrated to Taiwan after the Communist takeover of China. The older was bayoneted and the younger split down through the head with a sword. In response to the 2015 Charlie Hebdo shooting Chinese state-run media attacked Charlie Hebdo for publishing the cartoons insulting Muhammad, with the state-run Xinhua advocated limiting freedom of speech, while another state-run newspaper Global Times said the attack was "payback" for what it characterised as Western colonialism and accusing Charlie Hebdo of trying to incite a clash of civilizations. Hui people consider other Hui who do not observe Islamic practices to still be Hui. Before the 1911 Xinhai Revolution, when the revolutionaries faced the ideological dilemma on how to unify the country while at the same time acknowledging ethnic minorities, Hui people were noted as Chinese Muslims, separate from Uyghurs. It is thought to have its origin in the earlier Huihe (回纥) or Huihu (回鶻), which was the name for the Uyghur State of the 8th and 9th centuries. 很能 is most commonly used with 吃(chī) to eat, and 睡 (shuì) to sleep. to bestow These Hui are concentrated on the southeast coast of China, especially Fujian province. Post your photos, example sentences and daily homework here to share with the Chinese learning community. Reportedly in 1862 the number of Hui in China proper numbered 30,000,000. [76] Another source for the Hui comes from Hui adopting Han children and raising them as Hui. We have to implement the teaching "the love of the fatherland is an article of faith" by the Prophet Muhammad and to inherit the Hui's glorious history in China. [228] Immediately after the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, Ma Bufang arranged for a cavalry division under the Muslim General Ma Biao to be sent east to battle the Japanese. They killed him immediately with a revolver and also Mrs. Ha, who knelt before them after Ha's death, begging them not to kill anyone else. Some soldiers then went to the next room, where Mrs. Hsia's parents, aged 76 and 74, and her two daughters aged 16 and 14. their thousands of families are scattered about in nearly every province"[19] Ricci noted that the term Huihui or Hui was applied by Chinese not only to "Saracens" (Muslims) but also to Chinese Jews and supposedly even to Christians. Some prominent Hui, such as Imam Ma Chao-yen [dubious – discuss], refer to themselves and other Hui people as simply Chinese in English, and practice Confucian culture. [182] Generally Han of both sexes have to convert to Islam before marrying. 5,300 Muslims from Bukhara were invited to move to China in 1070 by Song emperor Shenzong to help battle the Liao empire in the northeast and repopulate ravaged areas. [41], Some prominent Hui, such as Imam Ma Chao-yen[dubious – discuss], refer to themselves and other Hui people as simply Chinese in English, and practice Confucian culture. [119] Semu Muslims revolted against the Yuan dynasty in the Ispah Rebellion, but the rebellion was crushed and the Muslims were massacred by Yuan loyalist commander Chen Youding. After a hiatus after the People's Republic of China came to power, sectarian infighting resumed in the 1990s in Ningxia between different sects. One Sufi sect circulated an anti-Salafi pamphlet in Arabic. Gushi Hui (Chinese: 故事会) (meaning Story Collections in English) is a Chinese language fortnightly literary magazine published in Chifeng, China.It is one of the leading titles in the country.