Here are some of the tools and products I use and recommend. While they are beautiful aesthetically and the hardwood is attractive, these trees produce a toxic substance that kills most plants that grow within a 50 to 60 foot radius of the trees' trunk. If you’re in a part of the world that is an arid, hot climate and have attempted to do any sort of gardening, you know what I’m talking about. It is important to recognise that plum trees usually need at least two planted varieties to ensure pollination. I’ve seen people use a jackhammer. There are so many different variables and factors to consider when planting in clay soil. Mix in some peat moss or other compost to lighten the area around the root ball. These fruit trees require some of the least maintenance in the fruit tree family, and one tree can provide many bushels of plums per year. When clay soil has a chance to absorb moisture it makes it so much easier to work with, but it will be heavier. There's some beautiful flowering trees that cope admirably in clay soil, as well as trees with beautiful bark or evergreen foliage. While buying from the big box stores, trees tend to be shipped in from other areas, so they may or may not be on the rootstocks for optimal production in your soil type. Amendments can help improve the drainage of the soil, so plant roots are able to get oxygen to breath. Mature Himalayan Birch Trees | Betula utilis jacquemontii, Mature Japanese Maple Trees | Acer palmatum, Mature Rowan Trees | Sorbus | Mountain Ash, Type: Ornamental Trees By Feature & Situation, Join Our Online Newsletter For The Latest News & Updates. Growing fruit trees from seed doesn’t typically produce the exact same tree as the parent, so the fruit quality can be variable. Amending soil is adding various things to improve on what the soil is lacking. This will allow you to plant any fruit tree in that site, while giving the fruit tree roots proper drainage. I started Garden of Luma when we moved into our new home in 2016. Our soil can become so compacted that it becomes a physically painful experience trying to use a shovel to dig a hole. Occasional floods probably aren't lethal, and trees planted on mounds will often survive. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Signup to be added to our Private Gardening group to communicate, share photos, tips, giveaways, and more! Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Hemera Technologies/AbleStock.com/Getty Images, Urbanfoodgarden.org: Planting Citrus Trees, Perdue University, Center for New Crops and Plant Produce: Fig, National Gardening Association: Plant Care Guides: Apricots, National Gardening Association: Plant Care Guides. M111 is an excellent and strong rootstock for apples. Mulch the base of the tree to retain as much moisture as possible as a very clay soil will cause water to run off without being absorbed. It is preferred because of its ability to induce heavy fruit bearing early on. Fruit trees do not thrive in wet soil. Apple trees need lots of moisture, so growing in clay soil isn't a big problem for these trees. If you don’t break through this layer, your roots won’t be able to grow deep into the soil, and a shallow rooted tree can be uprooted by winds. Over time, the mulch will break down and provide extra nutrients to the soil, while providing food for microorganisms. This mix will help with drainage, feeding the fruit tree, and starting the process of creating a healthy soil. Sandy soils are preferred, but a clay soil with some sand is much preferred to an acidic soil. The delicate, compact plum tree is a very beneficial choice for gardeners with clay soil. The rootstock is preferred because of its tolerance for certain soil conditions or resistance to disease. We don’t have the most fertile soil out here in the desert southwest. It can grow to a maximum height of twenty-five feet and tolerates wet, dry, and alkaline soil. The other option is to select fruit trees that grow in wet conditions. While they take three to four years and sometimes longer, to mature and bear fruit, once they start, you will never have to grocery shop for that type of fruit again. If you want to benefit from this improved service, please opt-in.. © 2020 Ornamental Trees Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Trees For Clay Soil Finding trees to grow in heavy or clay soil can be tricky; it can bake hard in summer and drain poorly in winter. Stone fruit, such as cherry, plum, and peaches, are highly sensitive to wet conditions and can develop many problems with rot or fungal diseases. Apple trees prefer acidic soil, so perform a soil pH test prior to planting. If it takes longer than 24 hours to drain you are either going to have to do more prep to the hole or plant in another spot. One tip is to run a water drip on the area that you want to dig a hole overnight. Garden of Luma is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Plum trees can adapt to well-drained or clay soil. Excess water in the surrounding soil inhibits the ability of a tree to take in oxygen through the roots. The ideal pH is 6.5. Plum trees can adapt to well-drained or clay soil. As with all clay soils, do not over water or "flood," the area at the base of the tree. This mix will help with drainage, feeding the fruit tree, and starting the process of creating a healthy soil. Black walnut trees can grow up to hundreds of years old, can easily tolerate clay soils with a pH over 7 and grow best in USDA hardiness zones 4 to 9. In my experience, M111 is a great rootstock for wet soil. DeLingua has a Bachelor of Arts in English from SUNY Albany. Be sure to choose an apple tree variety that is not only good for your region but also the best possible for clay soil. We’ve selected some of the best trees to grow in clay, although we still recommend improving clay soil prior by working in some organic matter. Apple trees also need partial to full sunshine. I have around 25 fruit trees and edible fruiting plants along with several raised beds, native plants, herbs, and flowers. These plants may take on significant damage from just short periods of wet feet. The delicate, compact plum tree is a very beneficial choice for gardeners with clay soil. Fill your planting hole up with water and see how long it takes for it to completely drain. Tough hawthorns are deciduous trees or shrubs, and a good choice for clay soils. List of Crops That Can Grow on Different Soil Types, National Gardening Association: Apple Tree Care, Texas A&M University: Home Fruit Production, Walnut Council: Soils Suitable For Black Walnut, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources: Planting and Caring For Nut Trees, Ohio University: Black Walnut Toxicity to Plants. Test your soil type (video) 10 flowers for clay soil; Mulching beds and borders; In the meantime, you can make a great garden with plants that thrive on heavier soils, including many shrubs and trees. It does very well in wet soil and requires regular watering if the soil becomes too dry and in fact, this root stock will become dormant if the soil is too dry. It’s much more effective to create your compost on your own versus buy the bags from the store. When selecting apple trees, choose a transplant from a reputable nursery. I’ll also toss in some worm castings, which tends to have worm eggs in them to start getting worm life into the soil. The first option is to berm up the area before planting fruit trees. Mulching will help with conserving water, which is critical for the health of your fruit tree. Fig trees are small, getting between 10 and 30 feet tall and not more than seven inches in diameter. I just chip away with it and use a shovel to remove the dirt as it breaks up. These fruit trees require some of the least maintenance in the fruit tree family, and one tree can provide many bushels of plums per year.