New York: Norton, 1993. [64] The government broadcast misinformation about the event, claiming that the rebels were communists who had killed hospital patients, although news and photographs of the army's use of torture and summary executions in Oriente soon spread, causing widespread public and some governmental disapproval. Learn more about Friends of the NewsHour. Batista government. [217] In 1963, Castro's mother died. [405] British historian Alex von Tunzelmann commented that "though ruthless, [Castro] was a patriot, a man with a profound sense that it was his mission to save the Cuban people". Overwhelmingly, the opinions of Americans who clearly have no connection to or stake in Cuba seem to be based more on Castro's discourse than his actions. A powerful speaker and a charismatic On 23 July, Castro resumed his Premiership and appointed Marxist Osvaldo Dorticós as president. WATCH LIVE: Trump holds campaign rally in Kenosha, Wisconsin, Read Various NAM members were critical of Castro's attendance, claiming that Cuba was aligned to the Warsaw Pact and therefore should not be at the conference. He also With the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, reaching Miami. [332] ALBA sought to redistribute wealth evenly throughout member countries, to protect the region's agriculture, and to oppose economic liberalization and privatization. [205] Upon discovering it through aerial reconnaissance, in October the U.S. implemented an island-wide quarantine to search vessels headed to Cuba, sparking the Cuban Missile Crisis. In October He was also the Secretary-General of the Non-Aligned Movement, from September 10, 1979 to March 6, 1983, and again from September 16, 2006 to February 24, 2008. [469] Balfour stated that Castro's story had "few parallels in contemporary history", for there existed no other "Third World leader" in the second half of the twentieth century who held "such a prominent and restless part on the international stage" or remained head of state for such a long period. On February 15 Castro replaced José Miró [120] Accompanying celebrations at news of Batista's downfall on 1 January 1959, Castro ordered the MR-26-7 to prevent widespread looting and vandalism. He focused largely on medical and educational collaborations and furthering the fight against imperial rule — providing military assistance that led to independence in Namibia and the end of apartheid rule in South Africa. [423] [285], Although despising Argentina's right wing military junta, Castro supported them in the 1982 Falklands War against Britain and offered military aid to the Argentinians. leader of Cuba is said to be showing his age, but he still manages to Cuban military leader Fulgencio Batista (1901–1973). [438], Fidel had five other sons by his second wife, Dalia Soto del Valle – Antonio, Alejandro, Alexis, Alexander "Alex", and Ángel Castro Soto del Valle.