Grooves on the occlusal surfaces of molar and premolar teeth provide microscopic retention sites for plaque bacteria, as do the approximal sites. Receding gums are a condition in which your gums pull back from the tooth surface, exposing the root surfaces of your teeth. Periodontal gum disease is a fairly common one. The inflammation of the gums may become more severe and …

From the deepest layer of the enamel to the enamel surface, the identified areas are the: translucent zone, dark zones, body of the lesion, and surface zone. There are several types of extraoral X-rays that your dentist may take. Generally, six probing sites around each tooth are recorded, as follows: mesiobuccal, mid-buccal, distobuccal, mesiolingual, mid-lingual, and distolingual. A diagnosis of periodontitis is established by inspecting the soft gum tissues around the teeth with a probe and by evaluating the patient’s x-ray films to determine the amount of bone loss around the teeth. This usually happens from the production of acid by bacterial fermentation of the food debris accumulated on the tooth surface. In case you do not treat this, your oral cavity will be quite devastated as both teeth and tissue around them will become destroyed. At times, pit and fissure caries may be difficult to detect. Differentiate between peridontitis and gingivitis. This is an advanced inflammation of all matter, both bones and tissue around the teeth. Generally speaking, it’s best to say that bad oral hygiene can indicate a risky behavior which can cause more serious health problems. The mineral content of teeth is sensitive to increases in acidity from the production of lactic acid. Gingivitis, or inflammation of the gums, is a non-destructive peridontal disease. Enamel begins to demineralize at a pH of 5.5. Dental caries: (A) A small spot of decay visible on the surface of a tooth. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Daily oral hygiene measures to prevent periodontal disease include: Regular dental check-ups and professional teeth cleaning as required. Obviously, the longer you stick with them, more dangerous will your condition become.

Home » Disease » Gum Disease Symptoms, Treatment and Pictures. Plaque may also collect above or below the gingiva where it is referred to as supra- or sub-gingival plaque respectively. The extent of disease refers to the proportion of the dentition affected by the disease in terms of percentage of sites. The process is dynamic, however, as remineralization can also occur if the acid is neutralized by saliva or mouthwash. Dental caries: This image shows destruction of a tooth by cervical decay from dental caries. All caries occur from acid demineralization that exceeds saliva and fluoride remineralization, and almost all acid demineralization occurs where food (containing carbohydrate like sugar) is left on teeth. At this point, your gums will collapse and reveal small pockets which can become home for bacteria to settle in.

He will then ask about several things, mostly regarding any medical history of your family having issues with gum diseases. Copyright © 2020. Ninety-six percent of tooth enamel is composed of minerals. Software added to the computer can help dentists digitally compare current images to previous ones in a process called subtraction radiography. The gingival crevice area (supporting structures of the teeth) provides a habitat for a variety of anaerobic species. Porphyromonas gingivalis is a Gram-negative oral anaerobe strongly associated with chronic adult periodontitis. Tooth decay disease is caused by specific types of bacteria that produce acid in the presence of fermentable carbohydrates such as sucrose, fructose, and glucose. Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter, 15 Tooth Problems: Cavities, Stained Teeth, Hyperdontia and More, Slideshow: Recognize This Celebrity Smile, Air Abrasion: Dental Care Without the Drill.

Gingivitis, or inflammation of the gums, is a non-destructive peridontal disease.

Periodontal disease: This radiograph shows significant bone loss between the two roots of a tooth (black region). Flossing daily and using interdental brushes as well as cleaning behind the last tooth, the third molar, in each quarter. In case you don’t tend to your gingivitis, it can quickly evolve into periodontitis, which is basically the advanced stage of this condition. Proteins are a must in this procedure, especially with growing gum tissue back.

If left undisturbed, microbic plaque calcifies to form calculus, which is commonly called tartar. Periodontitis Periodontitis is the type of periodontal disease that applies to all parts of the periodontium: the gingiva, ligaments, bone and cementum. There are a few symptoms to note in case you’re trying to determine if you are suffering from any kind of gum condition: Any of the above mentioned symptoms can indicate an issue with your gums, and should serve as an alarm for you to visit your dentist. Redness or bleeding of gums while brushing teeth, using dental floss, or biting into hard food, Halitosis, or bad breath, and a persistent metallic taste in the mouth, Gingival recession, resulting in apparent lengthening of teeth, Deep pockets between the teeth and the gums, that are sites where the attachment has been gradually destroyed by collagen-destroying enzymes, known as collagenases. The caries process does not have an inevitable outcome, and different individuals will be susceptible to different degrees depending on the shape of their teeth, oral hygiene habits, and the buffering capacity of their saliva.

For people with little saliva, especially due to radiation therapies that may destroy the salivary glands, there also exists remineralization gel. Enamel rods, which are the basic unit of the enamel structure, run perpendicularly from the surface of the tooth to the dentin. Treponema denticola is a motile and highly proteolytic bacterium. Bacteria occupy the ecological niche provided by both the tooth surface and gingival epithelium. Calculus above and below the gum line must be removed completely by the dental hygienist or dentist to treat gingivitis and periodontitis. ...more » Symptoms of Dental conditions The use of trays allows the medication to stay in place long enough to penetrate the biofilms where the microorganism are found. It’s important to be aware of this and take proper steps as soon as possible, no matter of the condition your gums are in – there are proper procedures to be taken for all of them. If left untreated, the disease can lead to pain, tooth loss, and infection. Primary diagnosis involves inspection of all visible tooth surfaces using a good light source, dental mirror and explorer. Scaling is a process of removing tartar, the hardened plaque above and below gum line. Dental caries can occur on any surface of a tooth that is exposed to the oral cavity, but not the structures that are retained within the bone. Medications are usually used for those less extreme stages of this condition and they can’t simply replace regular surgery. Bacteroides and spirochetes colonize the mouth around puberty. Both of these procedures are different and it’s fairly impossible to know which of them will be more efficient long-term wise. This is an advanced inflammation of all matter, both bones and tissue around the teeth. There are many assumptions about gum diseases causing a whole list of serious health conditions, among which most mentionable are heart conditions and deliveries of low birth weight babies. Extensive periodontal disease: This section from a panoramic x-ray film depicts the teeth of the lower left quadrant, exhibiting generalized severe bone loss of 30–80%. These forms of classification can be used to characterize a particular case of tooth decay in order to more accurately represent the condition to others and also indicate the severity of tooth destruction. The oral cavity of the newborn baby does not contain bacteria but rapidly becomes colonized with bacteria such as Streptococcus salivarius. This type of decay is also known as root decay. Reduced saliva is associated with increased caries. How Long Does Coronavirus Live On Surfaces? The primary cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene which leads to the accumulation dental plaque at the gum line. Thus, when root surfaces of teeth are exposed from gingival recession or periodontal disease, caries can develop more readily. List the types of bacteria and issues associated with oral bacteria: Streptococci spp and Lactobaccilus acidophilus.

Porphyromonas gingivalis is a Gram-negative oral anaerobe strongly associated with chronic adult periodontitis.