Despite hazardous journeys, transhumance is a necessity for the Gujjar- Bakarwals. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Consequently, the herdsmen start descending from the summer pastures. In spring season, the pastures are plenti­ful and good in the areas of low and middle altitudes, while the scorching heat of summers purchases the pastures in the south, good pastures are found in the north above 2700 m where melting of snow gives way to green pas­tures. The Gurjars of Shunkuri village, numbering around three thousand, joined the rebel sepoys. These sedentary Gujjars claim a common and collat­eral ancestry. Gujjar women are skilled in embroidery. Smith (Early History of India, 1924) traces their origins to the White Huns who came as nomadic hordes to India around 465 AD, Cunningham places them among the Indo-Scythian tribes, the Kushan and the Yueh-Chi, who overran northwestern India in the first century AD. Thus, the Gujjar- Bakarwals organize their annual migration from winter abode to summer abode and back to meet the fodder and water requirements of their flocks. [52] But now in 2009 all Gurjars were supporting BJP so that they can be politically benefitted. Punjabi Gujjars typically use the prefix Chaudhry as a courtesy title. Gurjar (Gujjar) Gotra List in Hindi ( गुर्जर गोत्र ) : हेलो दोस्तों, यूं तो भारत में कई प्रकार की जातियां और धर्म निवास करते हैं। यह समुदाय गुज्जर, गूजर, गोजर, गुर्जर, गूर्जर और ... Amtul Hafeez Chaudhry, Ph.D., Aijaz Ahmed Gujjar, Ph.D.

The clan and surnames are often the same. It is the period when night temperature in the summer pastures reaches close to the freezing point and the frequency of fog increases. The green pastures die out under the impact of frost and freezing night temperatures. TOS 7. They migrated here at the turn of the 19th century and are landless and nomadic, living in rudimentary thatched huts in remote, inaccessible forests where they graze their cattle. The gotra system has been borrowed from their Hindu Gujjars. Gurjar or Gujjar (also transliterated as Gujar, Gojar and Goojar) is an ethnic agricultural and pastoral community of India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. This would ensure greater security to the herds and sharing all responsible jobs by the adult members. [20] Aydogdy Kurbanov states that some Gurjars, along with people from northwestern India, merged with the Hephthalites to become the Rajput clan.

The Gujjars of Madhya Pradesh conduct mass marriages. While the historian V.A. Junior and senior levirate and junior sororate are common among most Gujjar. Some of the Baniharis and Bakarwals supplement their income from agriculture and forestry. The practice is particularly characteristic of mountainous regions where animals are usually transferred from mountain to valley pastures in the winter and back again to the mountains for the sum­mer. Since the Gujjar-Bakarwals are on the move for most of the year, their social and cultural traditions are strongly influenced by the migratory pat­tern.

Ancestor worship is performed during the months of September-October each year. Batti Gull 73,270 views This preference is given under a system designed to help India's poor and disadvantaged citizens. The Zirga decides the disputes among its members.

They entered the Indian subcontinent through the passes of Hindukush, Sulaiman and Kirthar Ranges.

The whole or a larger part of Rajasthan and Gujarat had been long known as Gurjaratra (country ruled or protected by the Gurjars) or Gurjarabhumi (land of the Gurjars) for centuries prior to the Mughal period. The marriage takes place according to Islamic procedure. They accept and observe the basic principles of Islam. The main religious activities and festivals observed by the Gujjar-Bakar­wals are five times prayers, fasting in the month of Ramzan (Elamadan). Around 20 April, they commence their journey form Kirangyal and its environs and up to the dhoks (summer pastures) they break journeys at twelve places. The Gujrat and Gujranwala districts of Pakistani Punjab have also been associated with Gujjars from as early as the 8th century CE, when there existed a Gurjara kingdom in the same area. A nuclear family is the production and consump­tion unit. At Neelideri, they stay for about two weeks and this period of stay is utilized for grazing in the sur­rounding intervening pastures. 6.2). The Indian states of Gujarat and Rajasthan were known as Gurjaradesa and Gurjaratra for centuries prior to the arrival of the British power. [5] Previously, it was believed that the Gurjars did an earlier migration from Central Asia as well, however, that view is generally considered to be speculative. Moreover a no. They rarely intermix with the Kashmiris, though like them, they are Musalmans by religion. The favorite dishes of Gujjar are "Maki ki Roti" Ganhar / Sarssoon ko Sag, Lassi, Kalari, Karan, etc.It is surprising that Gujjar are mostly vegetarians.The Banhara Gujjars mainly live in "Kullas" made from Special type of grass, while Bakerwals live in temporary Doharas and in Tamboos. The Brahmin (highest priestly caste) performs all birth, marriage and death rituals. [59][60] However, several others state that the Patidars are Kurmis or Kunbis (Kanbis);[61][62] Gurjars are included in the OBC list in Gujarat but Patidars are not. By faith the Gujjar-Bakarwals are the followers of Islam. Their innocent nature is exploited by the Pirs. In Haryana, they perform khodia (a form of drama) on the marriage of a son and draw beautiful pictures of goddess on walls during the Dussehra festival. In the nineteenth century, they shifted to Kashmir in search of pastures for their animals.

discovering every tribe, nation, language & people. Fraternal polyandry was predominant until recently among the Gujjar of Punjab. Kheda Devta, Khota, Satti and Bhumia are local deities propitiated by the Gujjar of Haryana. [13] However, in Jammu and Kashmir and parts of Himachal Pradesh, they are designated as a Scheduled Tribe under the Indian government's reservation program of positive discrimination. One of the major traditions of Gurji (Georgians) people right from the earliest times had been that they used to give their tribal names to the places and localities they inhabited.