Taking this idea to its extremes, authors have jokingly proposed acknowledging all those involved in the study of Behçet’s disease (a systemic autoimmune disorder named after 20th-century Turkish dermatologist Hulûsi Behçet) by renaming it Hippocrates-Janin-Neumann-Reis-Bluthe-Gilbert-Planner- Remenovsky-Weve-Shigeta-Pils-Grütz-Carol-Ruys-Samek-Fischer-Walter-Roman-Kumer-Adamantiades-Dascalopoulos-Matras-Whitwell-Nishimura-Blobner-Weekers-Reginster-Knapp-Behçet’s disease 4. Another result is that very different clinical situations can end up grouped together under the one imprecise name. 9 Jana, N., Barik, S. & Arora, N. Current use of medical eponyms–a need for global uniformity in scientific publications. It’s vital that efforts to improve their use continue, like weeding out eponyms that are grossly inaccurate or inappropriate and standardising their grammar and spelling. BMJ 335, 425-425, doi:10.1136/bmj.39308.380567.AD (2007). Equipment, laryngoscope, ETT, endotracheal tube, blind intubation, apparatus, Procedure, orthopedic, local anesthetic, prilocaine, colles, fracture, Foley Catheter (1929); Foley Operation (1937); Foley artificial urethral sphincter (1947); Foley rotatable resectoscope (1949); Foley hydraulic operating table (1950). ENT, postanginal, septicemia, oropharyngeal, internal jugular, bacteraemia, anaerobic, Ankle, posterior tibia fracture, conservative management, fracture bed, shoulder brace, cock-sparrow, bat, lancet, anatomy, hallux valgus, bone growth, immature bone, obesity, Reactive arthritis, gangrene, perineal, scrotum, penile, Swiss, schweizerisch, Switzerland, Geneva, Hallucination, visual impairment, entomology, visual hallucination, Republic of Geneva, grandfather, Delusion, nihilistic delusions, délire des négations, urology, ureter, law, rule, duplication, insertion, Cardiology, cardiologist, emergency medicine. The core idea of my previous article still holds true: behind every medical eponym is a story, a story about the namesake themselves or about the journey each eponym has taken to end up with that namesake. This was reported in The Lancet where the conclusion was summarized as: "The possessive use of an eponym should be discontinued, since the author neither had nor owned the disorder. physostigmine, neostigmine, prostigmin, Myasthenia Gravis, hyperhidrosis, lemon, auriculotemporal syndrome, parotid gland, gun shot wound, jewish, concentration camp, ghetto, Hurler syndrome (1920); Hurler-Scheie syndrome (1962). The whiteness, By Brian Feng Everyone has things they love and hate. Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster syndrome: (1838); superior mesenteric artery syndrome, budd-chiari, cardiac anatomy, Equipment, stethoscope, cirrhosis, melanoma, Thumb, base metacarpal, fracture, three-part, tripartate, tri-partate, 3 part, Hoffmann reflex (1911); Werdnig–Hoffmann syndrome, upper motor neuron lesion, reflex, spinal muscular atrophy type 1, hypotonia in infancy, Hip Exam CDH. MPS, gargoyle, gargoylism, Mucopolysaccharidosis, MPS 1, MPS 1-H, trisomy 18, trisomy 17, patau, genetics, congenital defect, birth, zoology, house mouse, micro bleb, polydactyly, Roussy-Lévy syndrome (1926), Lhermitte-Lévy syndrome (1931), Lhermitte sign (1924, 1927), Lejonne-Lhermitte disease (1909), Lhermitte-Cornil-Quesnel syndrome (1920), Lhermitte-Duclos disease (1920), Lhermitte-McAlpine syndrome (1926), Lhermitte syndrome (1922), Lhermitte-Lévy syndrome (1931), Swiss, schweizerisch, Switzerland, France, French, français, Darier-Roussy sarcoid (1904), Déjérine-Roussy syndrome (1906), Roussy-Lévy syndrome (1926), Roussy-Cornil syndrome (1919), Smith-Theiler-Schachenmann syndrome (1966), Kleefstras syndrom, 9q subtelomere deletion syndrome (9qSTDS), EHMT1, haploinsufficiency, medical genetics, dermatology, pediatrics, Palmoplantar keratoderma (PPK) of Sybert (1988), cataracts-oto-dental, syndrome, X-linked cataract-dental syndrome, X-linked, congenital cataracts and microcornea, Hutchinson, Welander distal myopathy (1951); Kugelberg-Welander syndrome (1956), Andersen disease (1956); Cystic fibrosis of the pancreas (1938), Glycogen storage disease type IV, cystic fibrosis of the pancreas, sweat test, trypsin, Dubowitz Score (1970), Dubowitz neurology examination (1980), neonatology, neurological exam, tone, power, pre-term, full-term, Sebők, Chronic lymphadenopathy simulating malignant lymphoma, Optiz-Kaveggia syndrome (1974) [FG Syndrome], Kaveggia syndrome (1975). Why. Synonyms for non-medical include non-aesculapian, noncurative, nonpharmaceutical, nontherapeutic, cosmetic, beautifying, improving, gratuitous, inessential and non-essential. We are in the middle of a worldwide pandemic and have been for a few months now. Last, but definitely not least, eponyms are absolutely everywhere in medicine: you’ll find them in every field in every part of the world, across textbooks, medical school curricula and medical practice. BIPP, pouch, hepatorenal, gallbladder, gallstones. 7th ed. Find more similar words at … By Jacky Jiang; Edited by Rosie Kirk While the freedom to do what I want when I want is something that I highly value, this year has taught me that there is such a thing as too much freedom. Whose name sticks and whose doesn’t make the cut is often determined by a whole heap of factors – politics, language, culture, even sheer luck – rather than pure scientific achievement. Should we eradicate eponyms completely? chromosome 15, angelman, prader-willi, 7 children, galactorrhea-amenorrhea caused by a chromophobe prolactin-producing adenoma of the pituitary, Lyon hypothesis (1961), Lyonisation (1963), IDDM, Early-onset diabetes mellitus with multiple epiphyseal dysplasia, total color blindness, progressive cone dystrophy, degenerative liver disease, endocrine dysfunction, Retinohepatoendocrinologic, Juvenile megaloblastic anaemia, Megaloblastic anaemia 1 (MGA 1), Imerslund anaemia, Selective vitamin B12 (cobalamin) malabsorption with proteinuria, Corpus callosum agenesis facial anomalies Robin sequence; Corpus callosum agenesis-blepharophimosis-Robin sequence syndrome; Agenesis of corpus callosum, severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy SMEI, holocaust, nicholas winton, Polgar, PHGDH, ichthyosis, marked intrauterine growth restriction, microcephaly, short neck, central nervous system anomalies, lissencephaly, Cutis Marmorata Telangiectatica Congenita (CMTC), German, Germany, Deutsche, Deutschland, USA, America, American. And there are countless cases where the descriptions of the eponymous physician were very obviously not the earliest or best in the literature 3. So who were Arnold and Chiari? He was also, unfortunately, a Nazi war criminal. Are you having trouble navigating its fluid and powerful controls? Cue the Crickets! If you did your MSK Anki deck that morning, you may know to interpret “Paget’s disease” as osteitis deformans, a bone disease characterised by dysfunctional bone remodelling. Meniscus, grind, compression, distraction, clinical examination, Fracture Classification, epiphyseal plate fractures, Ankle fracture-dislocation classification, RBBB, ventricular ectopic, AF, Atrial fibrilliation, long-short RR interval, biventricular hypertrophy pediatric ecg VSD, Eccentric, elixir, spinal cord, testicles, pupil, poorly reactive but with normal near accommodation, prostitute, syphillis, reflex iridoplegia, Wrist, distal radius, fracture, volar, dorsal, Thumb, base metacarpal, fracture, two-part, bipartate, bi-partate, 2 part, Skin, autoimmune, rash, blistering erythematous skin condition, mucous membrane, SJS, Thyroid, goitre, orbitopathy, Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy, Thyroid eye diseaseTAO, TED, Pulsometer, asthmometer, second-hand watch, Merseburger Triad Thyroid, goitre, orbitopathy, Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy, Thyroid eye diseaseTAO, TED, Schweinfurther Grün, hirschprung, goitre, exophthalmos, basedow, facial hemiatrophy, neurology, sensory ataxia, tabes dorsalis, facial hemiatrophy, obturator, Thyroid Eye, orbitopathy, exophthalmos, graves, ophthalmopathy, Thyroid Eye, orbitopathy, exophthalmos, graves, ophthalmoplegic migraine, congenital facial diplegia, Thyroid Eye, orbitopathy, exophthalmos, graves, weakness of eye convergence, sudden visual loss due to retinal artery embolism; optic retinitis; iridectomy in angle closure, retinitis pigmentosa and perceptive deafness, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, absence wrinkling forehead Graves Ophthalmopathy, Ankle Fracture fibula anteromedial ATFL FOAMed, Ankle Fracture fibula posterolateral SH III, tenosynovitis, ECG, Jimmy the dog, Lippmann’s capillary electrometer, Luciani beats; Luciani period; Group beating, second degree, 2nd, AV block, ECG, Mobitz AV Block, Mobitz, 2nd degree AV block, atrioventricular block, apexcardiogram, ECG, Mobitz AV Block, Mobitz, 2nd degree AV block, atrioventricular block, ECG, Mobitz AV Block 2nd degree AV block, atrioventricular block, USA, America, American, Poland, Polish, Polskie, machinery murmur, second left interspace, patent ductus arteriosus, PDA, Murmur, diastolic murmur, aortic regurgitation, saw cutting through wood, Murmur, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, vibratory murmur, physiological bruit, benign functional, cardiac murmur, pediatric, Murmur, mid-diastolic murmur of acute rheumatic mitral valvulitis diastolic, Murmur, early diastolic murmur, untreated anaemia, Murmur, Early diastolic murmur, severe stenosis of the left anterior descending coronary artery, Murmur, high pitched early diastolic murmur, pulmonary incompetence, pulmonary hypertension, Murmur, mid-diastolic aortic regurgitant murmur heard at the apex, Accentuation of the murmur of tricuspid regurgitation and tricuspid stenosis with inspiration, Neurofibromatosis, NF-1, NF1, Café-au-lait, freckling, Lisch nodules, Equipment, Needle, epidural anaesthesia, Non coring, hypodermic, papule, rash, chronic, hidradenitis, Apocrine miliaria, Rash, papule, chronic, hidradenitis, Apocrine miliaria. Let’s take a closer look at five problems that can come up with the use of eponyms in medicine and some examples of each. Salmonella toxin, vitamin C, sedimentation, haemoglobin, protein electrophoresis, Gamstorp disease (1956); Gamstorp-Wohlfart Syndrome (1959), Finalnd, Suomi, Suomen tasavalta, Finnish, Santavuori syndrome (1973), Muscle–Eye–Brain (MEB) disease (1977). advocate, world health, malnutrition, nutrition, child health, breast feeding, ackee fruit, Kwashiorkor, Czech, čeština, Tschechisch, Czech Republic, Česká republika, scarlet fever, toxin, antitoxin, vaccine, hemolytic strep, Birt-Hogg-Dubé, perifollicular fibromas, extracutaneous cancer, colon polyps, cardiology, anatomy, His, cardiac conduction, Bundle of His (1893), Werner-His disease (1916), ENT, otology, BPPV, vestibuilar, tinnitus, Bárány chair, Bárány past pointing test, Bárány caloric test. Sometimes these antonyms cause spelling trouble because of their similarities in sound. shoulder dystocia, physics, birth, fetal manipulation, Park-Williams bacillus (1894); Williams stain (1905); Park-Williams fixative, Park-Williams bacillus (1894); Park-Williams fixative; Typhoid Mary (1907). It’s no coincidence that women are grossly underrepresented in medical eponyms: the contributions of remarkable female doctors and scientists were often dismissed while their male counterparts’ names were immortalised 1. Our finest reporter. The non-specificity of eponymous names for syndromes, while contributing to imprecision, also allows for their flexibility: provisional labelling is a convenient way for doctors to communicate specific situations to one another and to patients while we improve our knowledge.