In some countries, the swastika has a negative connotation due to its link with Nazi … 2: N–Z, Rosen Publishing. [9], The Vasudeva Upanishad, a Vaishnava tradition text, similarly explains the significance of three vertical lines in Urdhva Pundra Tilaka to be a reminder of Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva; the Vedic scriptures – Rigveda, Yajurveda and Samaveda; three worlds Bhu, Bhuva, Svar; the three syllables of Om – A, U, M; three states of consciousness – awake, dream sleep, deep sleep; three realities – Maya, Brahman and Atman; the three bodies – Sthula, Sukshma, and Karana. In Hinduism, the tilak (Sanskrit tilaka, “mark”) is a mark made on a Hindu's forehead. [9] The Tripuṇḍra described in this and other Shaiva texts also symbolises Shiva’s trident (triśūla) and the divine triad of Brahmā, Vishnu, and Shiva. Christians in India use Tilaka, both to mark special occasions and during their worship rites. To this end, it can be put on 12 parts of the body – forehead, head, neck, chest/heart, both forearms, both upper arms, shoulder, stomach and both sides of the torso. The Vaishnava tilaka consists of a long vertical marking starting from just below the hairline to almost the end of one's nose tip, and they are also known as Urdhva Pundra. Spiritual Markings on the Forehead – Tilakas & Bindis. Sharma has named additional styles as, Vallabh Sampraday Tilak, Sri Tilaka of Rewasa Gaddi, Ramacharandas Tilaka, Srijiwarama ka Tilaka, Sri Janakraja Kishori Sharan Rasik Aliji ka Tilaka, Sri Rupkalajee ka Tilaka, Rupsarasji ka Tilaka, Ramasakheeji ka Tilaka, Kamanendu Mani ka Tilaka, Karunasindhuji ka Tilaka, Swaminarayana Tilaka, Nimbarka ka Tilaka and Madhwa ka Tilaka.[19]. The known styles include[17] Vijayshree – white tilaka urdhwapundra with a white line in the middle,[17] founded by Swami Balanand of Jaipur; Bendi tilaka – white tilak urdhwapundra with a white round mark in the middle,[18] founded by Swami Ramprasad Acharya of Badasthan Ayodhya; and Chaturbhuji tilaka – white tilak urdhwapundra with the upper portion turned 90 degrees in the opposite direction, no shri in the middle, founded by Narayandasji of Bihar, ascetics of Swarg Dwar of Ayodhya follow it. The tilaka comes in many different shapes, depending on the custom or religious affair. For the Indian anti-colonial leader, see. Lingam: Lingam is the representation of Lord Shiva through which Lord Shiva is worshipped mostly. [10][11], Different Hindu traditions use different materials and shapes to make the tilaka. Tilaka markers are also worn on chest and arms. This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 21:11. Tilaka may be worn daily or for rites of passage or special religious occasions only, depending on regional customs. The Tilaka is different from the bindi worn by Hindu women, though. All rights reserved. Saivites (followers of Shiva) wear a tilak of three horizontal lines across the forehead, with or without a red dot. According to the Vedic texts and the caste system followed by Hinduism, Tilaka is of 4 kinds – Brahmin Tilaka that shows 2 vertical lines on the forehead; Kshatriya Tilaka that is shaped like a half moon with a dot in the middle; Vaishya Tilaka with 3 arc-shaped horizontal lines on forehead and a dot in the middle; and lastly, Shudra Tilaka denoted by a big circular dot on the forehead. The terms tilaka and bindi overlap somewhat, but are not synonymous. Some people like the priests, sadhus, and devout householders wear the mark every day. The application of Tilaka by a priest on the people visiting the temple is taken as a symbol of having received God’s blessing. They might be made of ash from a sacrificial fire, sandalwood paste, turmeric, cow dung, clay, charcoal, or red lead. The word bindu dates back to the hymn of creation known as Nasadiya Sukta in the Rigveda. A bindi (Hindi: बिंदी, from Sanskrit बिन्दु bindú, meaning "point, drop, dot or small particle") is a coloured dot worn on the center of the forehead, originally by Hindus and Jains from the Indian subcontinent. Priests doing a puja {worship ceremony} with a big red dot between their eyes…. There may be two marks on the temples as well. On a man, the tilak takes the form of a line or lines and usually indicates his sectarian affiliation. The term also refers to the Hindu ritual of marking someone's forehead with a fragrant paste, such as of sandalwood or vermilion, as a welcome and expression of honour when they arrive.[4]. "tilak." [7][8], These lines, represent Shiva’s threefold power of will (icchāśakti), knowledge (jñānaśakti), and action (kriyāśakti). Shaktas, worshippers of the various forms of the Goddess (Devi), wear a large red dot of kumkum (vermillion or red turmeric) on the forehead. On women, a tilak usually takes the form of a bindi dot, which has its own symbolism. A particular deity’s name has to be recited while every mark is made. Chances are you’ve seen pictures of Indian sadhus {holy men} with horizontal white lines across their forehead… dedicated yogis or monks with yellowish vertical lines from nose to the hairline…. This tilaka is traditionally made with sandalwood paste. Axel Michaels (2015), Homo Ritualis: Hindu Ritual and Its Significance for Ritual Theory, Oxford University Press, sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFDeussen1997 (. Tilakas are vertical markings worn by Vaishnavites. The Tilaka Symbol is an auspicious, religious mark worn usually on the forehead, between the eyebrows and it indicates that the wearer belongs to the Hindu faith. Among Vaishnavites (followers of Vishnu), the many tilak variations usually include two or more vertical lines resembling the letter U, which symbolizes the foot of Vishnu. Hindus use the Tilaka ceremony, as a mark of honour and welcome to guests, something special or someone special. In addition to its religious symbolism, the tilak has a cooling effect on the forehead and this can assist in concentration and meditation. Krishna and Balarama, depicted with Gaudiya tilaka, Infant Krishna depicted with Vaishnavite tilaka, 16th century, Goddess Lalita depicted with tilaka, Pala Dynasty, Mark worn on the forehead and other parts of the body, "Tilak" redirects here. The most common tikkas are red powder applied with the thumb, or sandalwood (chandan) paste, in a single upward stroke. This variant is the more ancient of the two and shares many common aspects with similar markings worn across the world. Antonio Rigopoulos (2013), Brill's Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Volume 5, Brill Academic. Tilaka may be worn daily or for rites of passage or special religious occasions only, depending on regional customs. There is sometimes a central line or dot. Most Vaishanative tilaks are made of sandalwood paste (Chandan). It is also described as "the sacred symbol of the cosmos in its unmanifested state". We are not associated with any religion or organization. The Vaishnavites (followers of Lord Vishnu) wear it as an elongated ‘U’ and there may or may not be a central line or dot within it. ReligionFacts provides free, objective information on religion, world religions, comparative religion and religious topics. It is applied by hand and is made with a paste or powder that may be prepared from diverse materials, including sandal paste, red turmeric, sacred ashes, charcoal or clay. Hindu forehead marks hold great spiritual significance, as they are symbolic representations of the third eye. (State University of New York Press: Albany, 1995). eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'ancient_symbols_com-box-4','ezslot_5',119,'0','0'])); © Copyright [oceanwp_date] - Ancient-Symbols.com. A bindi is an auspicious mark worn by young girls and women in India. This symbol is often placed on the forehead of a devotee of Hinduism. In Hinduism, the mythological third eye is used by the wearer to acquire spiritual insight that is not perceived by normal sight. The swastika. The tilak is worn every day by sadhus and pious householders, and on special occasions like weddings and religious rituals. Robert Williams (1998), Jaina Yoga: A Survey of the Mediaeval Śrāvakācāras, Motilal Banarsidass, Vijay Prakash Sharma, The sadhus and Indian civilisation, page 72, Vijay Prakash Sharma, The sadhus and Indian civilisation, page 73, Vijay Prakash Sharma, The sadhus and Indian civilisation, page 75, Review: Christian Inculturation in India by Paul M. Collins, Mythological Aspects of Trees and Mountains in the Great Epic, "कालाग्निरुद्रोपनिषत् (Kalagnirudra Upanishad)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tilaka&oldid=985420229, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The second streak of ash is a reminder of, The third streak is the Ahavaniya (the fire used for. The Tilaka Symbol is an auspicious, religious mark worn usually on the forehead, between the eyebrows and it indicates that the wearer belongs to the Hindu faith. [20] Among the differences: It is also called tikli or sheether harr in Bengali, tika, or tilakam or tilak in Hindi; Sanskrit: तिलक tilaka; Hindustani pronunciation: [t̪ɪˈlək])[21]. Sometimes a crescent moon or trident is included. Green Tara as Prajnya paramita depicted with tilaka, c. 11th century. Bindu is considered the point at which creation begins and may become unity. A devotion to Vishnu is indicated by a U-shaped tilaka, while horizontal lines symbolize devotion to Shiva. In Hinduism, the tilak (Sanskrit tilaka, “mark”) is a mark made on a Hindu's forehead. Swami Shivananda, Hinduism.co.nz, © 2004-2020 ReligionFacts. Gautam Chatterjee (2003), Sacred Hindu Symbols, Abhinav Publications. On women, a tilak usually takes the form of a bindi dot, which has its own symbolism The Tilaka marks are also different for different Hindu sects. | About Us | How to Cite | Contact Us | Privacy Policy | Advertising Info. The devotees of Shiva usually use sacred ashes (Bhasma) for the tilak. [12], The choice of style is not mandated in Hindu texts, and it is left to the individual and the regional culture, leading to many versions. James Lochtefeld (2002), "Urdhvapundra", The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Vol. On a man, the tilak takes the form of a line or lines and usually indicates his sectarian affiliation. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'ancient_symbols_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_1',115,'0','0']));Apart from proclaiming one’s religious affiliations, the Tilaka is also applied for the purpose of personal sanctification. The name is derived from “Bindu”, a Sanskrit word for “point” or “dot” and is usually red in color made with vermillion powder which is worn by women between their eyebrows on the forehead. … Grimes, John A. Ganapati: Song of the Self. Otherwise, it is generally applied on special occasions like religious ceremonies & rituals, festive occasions, and weddings. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. This is traditionally done with sacred ash from fire sacrifices. It is applied by hand and is made with a paste or powder that may be prepared from diverse materials, including sandal paste, red turmeric, sacred ashes, charcoal or clay. The other major tilaka variant is often worn by the followers of Shiva, known by the names of Rudra-tilaka and Tripundra. Often a tilak is just a smear of paste, but other times it is more precise and elaborate.