An error occurred trying to load this video. In flat affect there is a lack of signs of affective expression: the voice may be monotonous and the face, immobile. His or her response would be dull and reveal very little emotion. Related words are constricts, constricted, constricting, constriction. A constricted affect example could be given as a man who describes a gruesome accident that he was in but displays only mild discomfort in expressions, when, in fact, his reaction should have included outrage or anguish. Let's review. imaginable degree, area of It is very likely that flat affect is a result of deficits in motor expression as opposed to emotional processing. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Any emotional display is severely restrained. Already registered? As an example, a person with blunted affect may tell a story about being in a car crash but talk little about how it made them feel, speak in a monotone, and not have many facial expressions. Log in here for access. [23] In blunted affect, there are abnormalities in circuits that also include the prefrontal cortex. While this can be a debilitating condition because it affects every area of your life from work to social relationships, with the help of a healthcare professional, it is possible to reduce the impact on your life. Remember that even if you are feeling better, most conditions that require medication will involve taking this medication for the long-term. Your mental health professional might use a mental status examination, which is a structured way of observing and evaluating a person's psychological function from the perspective of attitude, behavior, cognition, judgment, mood, perception, and thought processes. Your tone of voice, body movements, and facial expressions are all ways in which you express your affect. COVID-19: Convalescent T cells could protect the vulnerable, A third of older people may be prescribed ‘inappropriate drugs’, COVID-19 can disrupt electrical activity in frontal lobes of brain. If you think your medication is causing emotional blunting, do not stop treatment without first speaking with your doctor who can work with you to lower your dose or switch you to a different medication. This means that things that cause most people to experience negative emotions do not have the same impact for psychopaths. This type of affect is seen often in neurological disorders such as pseudobulbar affect, in manic episodes during bipolar disorder, and in borderline personality disorder. I think instead of looking at the person's outer reactions or cultural reactions, you should ask the person how they are feeling in a given situation and you can better gauge if a person is suffering from inappropriate emotional reactions. Ther Clin Risk Manag. There are a number of different potential causes of inappropriate affect, but they fall under the categories described below. However, for a certain percentage of the population, outward affect does not match the situation that they are in. The rostral subdivision of this region is possibly involved in detecting emotional signals.